ICT for Development and Future Generations: An Idea to Global Leaders
ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) refers to technologies that provide access to information through telecommunications medium such as the radio, television, cell phone, computers, satellite technology; internet including email, instant messaging, video conferencing and social networking websites which have made it possible for users across the world to communicate with each other to give users quick access to ideas and experiences from a wide range of people, communities and cultures.
ICT provide us with new tools to redesign well known human institutions: money, contracts, markets, auctions, knowledge exchanges, agricultural cooperatives, audits, currencies, taxes, human rights monitoring, traffic and freight management, health assessment and measurement, power management grids, water distribution systems. By the use of new ICTs of location and communication, we will be able to see the life expectancy for a mother in a neighbourhood or how many children die in a village, or whether there is clean water or sanitation for a school, a street or a village. We will see who lives and who dies. We will see ourselves in ways we cannot today. And for the first time, all of us will be able to see these changes.
To implement our idea internet-computers should be available to every village, and to every poor with affordable prices. Different types of training related to social media as well as scope and importance of ICT should be conducted to rural and urban areas. Special type of team should be employed in certain places for the data collection and sending these information for further analysis.
I think illiteracy is holding us back. Citizens are not familiar about the technology and its use in day to day life. As we see, we are very much interested in technology, its advancement and exciting creations but due to lack of proper education, we are unknown about its features. And i think poverty is directly or indirectly responsible for this. Now a days, people are also engaged in their own professions due to which they didn’t have time to get involved in it.
ICT4D community means a global in-person and virtual society committed to using information and communications technologies to increase the social and economic advancement of the developing world. Effective school management is crucial in ensuring learner achievement. Strong leadership and management of schools as well as good school governance, contribute to quality outcomes. Teaching and learning in the classroom do not take place in isolation from the functioning of schools as organisations, or from their social contexts. Organisational weaknesses of schools are increasingly being pointed to as an important cause of low learner achievement, especially in the case of government schools in developing countries. Schools, however, cannot effect meaningful change without sufficient capacity and on-going support. The ability of schools to improve teaching and learning can depend significantly on the quality of the professional leadership by senior school staff. However, few countries have explicit policies on the professional development of school managers even where major programmes of decentralisation and delegation of authority to schools are under way.
So, the solution may be through Improve recruitment and promotion criteria for school managers; provide induction programmes for newly appointed managers and ongoing professional support programmes; school-based management whereby responsibilities are transferred from central levels to local levels (after appropriate empowerment and support); strengthen school governance by providing greater authority to elected school boards representing parents and the wider community (again after appropriate empowerment and support).
Thus, we can say that the usage of information and communication technology (ICT) is increasingly being seen as a major tool for development. This has deeper significances as the ICT enabled services can be used as an alternative to the government services where the latter cannot reach directly to the citizens. It is imperative to weigh the feasibility of using ICT as a tool for sustainable development. Telecommunications brings about important technological change: openness, connectivity, decentralization and accessibility. It brings people together, links like: minded groups, saves cost of transports, business transactions take place without crossing the border, promotes self employment such as phone booths and business centres to mention but few. ICTs offer promising solutions for enhancing our capacity to predict and track environmental changes and develop appropriate management and adaptation strategies.