The End of Millennium Development Goals and Beyond

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that were officially established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. All 189 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organizations have agreed to achieve these goals by the year 2015.

The goals with their targets are:

  1. Eradicating extreme poverty and hunger:
  • Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1.25 a day
  • Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
  • Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
  1. Achieving universal primary education:
  • Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
  1. Promoting gender equality and empowering women:
  • Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015
  1. Reducing child mortality rates:
  • Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
  1. Improving maternal health:
  • Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio
  • Achieve universal access to reproductive health
  1. Combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases:
  • Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
  • Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
  • Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
  1. Ensuring environmental sustainability:
  • Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources
  • Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
  • Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
  • Achieve, by 2020, a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
  1. Developing a global partnership for development:
  • Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
  • Address the special needs of least developed countries
  • Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
  • Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
  • In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
  • In cooperation with the private sector, make available benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications

goal 1Goal 2Goal 3Goal 4Goal 5Goal 6Goal 7Goal 8

MDGs have taken upto 2015. In 38 countries including Bangladesh, Brazil, Cuba have already met internationally set hunger eradication targets set for 2015 according to UN.  the target stated will be met by this time. Recently, a report entitled “A New Global Partnership: Eradicate Poverty and Transform Economies through Sustainable Development” has been released by an independent High Level Panel at UN which calls for an ambitious and universal agenda to end extreme poverty by 2030. There are different works being done round the globe to keep up the momentum of the achieving of target by many countries. Many organizations and panels are working to develop agendas for post 2015. It is sure that UN will continue its work with governments, civil society and other partners to achieve a world of prosperity, equity, freedom, dignity and peace on these days.

Many countries including ours will have to work even harder than now to achieve the targets of MDGs even during post 2015. We need to have better economic growth to combat the issues prioritized by UN through MDGs. Research, surveys should be conducted to materialize the MDGs and its achievement. Still, the newly pop-up problems of human society should also be given priority to set the new targets in these days. Developed nations should increase their assistance to the underdeveloped and developing country to make this world a better place to live in.

References:

http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Millennium_Development_Goals

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About Shiv Kumar Das

I am Agriculture graduate at the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science(IAAS), Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.

Posted on July 1, 2013, in Articles and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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